GNOME Software on Ubuntu (II)

So I did a bit more hacking on PackageKit, appstream-glib and gnome-software last night. We’ve now got screenshots from Debian (which are not very good) and long application descriptions from the package descriptions (which are also not very good). It works well enough now, although you now need PackageKit from master as well as appstream-glib and gnome-software.




This is my last day of hacking on the Ubuntu version, but I’m hopeful other people can take what I’ve done and continue to polish the application so it works as well as it does on Fedora. Tasks left to do include:

  • Get aptcc to honour the DOWNLOADED filter flag so we can show applications in the ‘Updates’ pane
  • Get aptcc to respect the APPLICATION filter to speed up getting the installed list by an order of magnitude
  • Get gnome-software (or appstream-glib) to use the system stock icons rather than the shitty ones shipped in the app-install-data package
  • Find out a way to load localized names and descriptions from the app-install-data gettext archive and add support to appstream-glib. You’ll likely need to call dgettext(), bindtextdomain() and bind_textdomain_codeset()
  • Find out a way how to populate the ‘quality’ stars in gnome-software, which might actually mean adding more data to the app-install desktop files. This is kind of data we need.
  • Find out why aptcc sometimes includes the package summary in the licence detail position
  • Improve the package details to human readable code to save bullet points and convert to a UTF-8 dot
  • Get the systemd offline-updates code working, which is completely untested
  • Find out why aptcc seems to use a SHA1 hash for the repo name (e.g. pkcon repo-list)
  • Find out why aptcc does not set the data part of the package-id to be prefixed with installed: for installed packages

If you can help with any of this, please grab me on #PackageKit on freenode.

GNOME Software on Ubuntu

After an afternoon of hacking on appstream-glib, I can show the fruits of my labours:


This needs gnome-software andĀ appstream-glib from git master (or gnome-apps-3.14 in jhbuild) and you need to manually run PackageKit with the aptcc backend (--enable-aptcc).


It all kinda works with the data from /usr/share/app-install/*, but the icons are ugly as they are included in all kinds of sizes and formats, and also there’s no long descriptions except for the two (!) installed applications new enough to ship local AppData files.Also, rendering all those svgz files is muuuuch slower than a pre-processed png file like we ship with AppStream. The installed view also seems not to work. Only the C locale is present too, as I’ve not worked out how to get all the translations from an external gettext file in appstream-glib. I’d love to know how the Ubuntu software center gets long descriptions and screenshots also. But it kinda works. Thanks.

GNOME Software 3.12.0 Released!

Today I released gnome-software 3.12.0 — with a number of new features and a huge number of bugfixes:


I think I’ve found something interesting to install — notice the auto-generated star rating which tells me how integrated the application is with my environment (i.e. is it available in my language) and if the application is being updated upstream. Those thumbnails look inviting:


We can continue browsing while the application installs — also notice the ‘tick’ — this will allow me to create and modify application folders in gnome-shell so I can put the game wherever I like:


The updates tab looks a little sad; there’s no update metadata on rawhide for my F20 GNOME 3.12 COPR, but this looks a lot more impressive on F20 or the yet-to-be-released F21. At the moment we’re using the AppData metadata in place of update descriptions there. Yet another reason to ship an AppData file.


We can now safely remove sources, which means removing the applications and addons that we installed from them. We don’t want applications sitting around on our computer not being updated and causing dependency problems in the future.


Development in master is now open, and we’ve already merged several large patches. The move to libappstream-glib is a nice speed boost, and other more user-visible features are planned. We also need some documentation; if you’re interested please let us know!

AppStream Logs, False Positives and You

Quite a few people have asked me how the AppStream distro metadata is actually generated for thier app. The actual extraction process isn’t trivial, and on Fedora we also do things like supply missing AppData files for some key apps, and replacing some upstream screenshots on others.

In order to make this more transparent, I’m going to be uploading the logs of each generation run. If you’ve got a few minutes I’d appreciate you finding your application there and checking for any warnings or errors. The directory names are actually Fedora package names, but usually it’s either 1:1 or fairly predictable.

If you’ve got a application that’s being blacklisted when it shouldn’t be, or a GUI application that’s in Fedora but not in that list then please send me email or grab me on IRC. The rules for inclusion are here. Thanks.

Announcing Appstream-Glib

For a few years now Appstream and AppData adoption has been growing. We’ve got client applications like GNOME Software consuming the XML files, and we’ve got several implementations of metadata generators for a few distros now. We’ve also got validation tools we’re encouraging upstream applications to use.

The upshot of this was the same code was being duplicated across 3 different projects of mine, all with different namespaces and slightly different defined names. Untangling this mess took a good chunk of last week, and I’ve factored out 2759 lines of code from gnome-software, 4241 lines from createrepo_as, and the slightly less impressive 178 lines from appdata-tools.

The new library has a simple homepage, and so far a single release. I’d encourage people to check this out and provide early comments, as as soon as gnome-software branches for 3-12 I’m going to switch it to using this. I’m also planning on switching createrepo_as and and appdata-tools for the next releases too so things like jhbuild modulesets need to be updated and tested by somebody.

Appstream-Glib 0.1.0 provides just enough API to make sense for a first release, but I’m going to be continuing to abstract out useful functionality from the other projects to share even more code. I’ve spent a few long nights profiling the XML parsing code, and I’m pleased to say the load time of gnome-software is 160ms faster with this new library, and createrepo_as completes the metadata generation 4 minutes faster. Comments, suggestions and patches very welcome. There’s a Fedora package linked from the package review bug if you’d rather test that. Thanks.