Developer Experience Hackfest 2016

Sponsored by GNOME FoundationFirst of all I would like to thanks the GNOME Foundation for sponsoring once again my trip to Brussels for the GNOME Developer Experience Hackfest.
Besides hacking on Glade and attending FOSDEM I had a great time meeting with old friends and making new ones, not to mention the amount and variety of beers consumed!

beerBut beer was not the only thing we had!

wafles

Back on the hacking, together with Tristan we managed to fix several bugs and add the much needed support for id-less objects! This way Glade is one step closer to support every Gtk+ template file.
I will not go into much details since it was already covered by him in his blog post

Pretty workspace

Besides doing some CSS cleanups in the workspace and user survey window to improve theme compatibility I added the modernized original Glade logo to the workspace background as a tribute to Glade roots!
Glade workspace logo

I also got the chance to work on the Glade User Survey results, the final results will be posted soon on Glade’s website once I finish automating the results from the Data Base.

Glade User Survey Preliminary Results

3114 people took the time to fill the survey since 11-11-2013.
54 % of them use it for commercial purposes and 42 % for personal use.
Most users are from the US and Brazil with Germany, China and France as a close third.

USA 10.98 % Italy 3.44 %
Brazil 10.18 % Spain 3.37 %
Germany 6.29 % UK 3.11 %
China 5.59 % Canada 2.37 %
France 4.65 % Poland 2.21 %
Mexico 4.07 % Argentina 1.70 %
Russia 3.85 % Australia 1.47 %
India 3.76 % Turkey 1.44 %

How long have you been programming? (years)

< 1 5.17 % 11 – 20 15.83 %
1 – 2 30.72 % 21 – 30 6.26 %
3 – 5 18.49 % 31 – 40 2.95 %
6 – 10 18.33 % > 40 2.21 %

Not Programmer 16.66 %

Preferred programming languages do you prefer?

Python 50.32 % JavaScript 21.80 %
C 47.01 % C Sharp 15.25 %
CPP 38.59 % Vala 9.24 %
Java 24.85 % Perl 6.96 %
Other 25.49 %

When did you start using Glade? (years ago)

1 58.38 % 4 – 5 5.94 %
2 4.94 % 6 – 10 6.48 %
3 2.79 % > 11 2.98 %

Which version do you normally use?

What is available in my OS 82.72 % Master 1.47 %
Latest stable from sources 9.44 % Other 0.83 %
3.8 for Gtk+ 2 3.94 %

On what operating system?

Linux 58.83 % OSX 1.02 %
Windows 2.69 % BSD 0.96 %
Other 1.25 % Solaris 0.44 %

How often do you use it?

Every day 43.89 % Few days a week 10.82 %
A few times a year 20 % Every week 5.84 %
A few times a month 13.96 % Once a month 3.94 %

What level of Glade user would you say you are?

Beginner 78.29 %
Intermediate 16.44 %
Advanced 3.78 %

Under what kind of license(s) do you release the software you used Glade to create?

Free Software 42.19 % None 25.72 %
Open Source 34.32 % Commercial 9.5 %

In which field(s) is the software you used Glade to create generally used?

Desktop applications 42.77 % Industrial applications 8.95 %
Academic 18.68 % Embedded applications 7.35 %
Educational 13.48 % Accounting 4.56 %
Scientific 12.13 % Medical 2.92 %

In your opinion what is the biggest problem with Glade?

Lack of documentation 66.89 %
Other 11.23 %
Lack of publicity/exposure 9.79 %
Lack of official binary releases for other OS (Win32, OSX) 5.78 %
Lack of professional training 2.63 %
Lack of professional support 1.5 %

18 % of users found a bug, 6.9 % reported it and 21.96 % contributed to the project.

Posted in General, Glade, GTK+ | Leave a comment

We are not enemies

I do not usually blog, much less about unrelated topics but I think the events and comments of the past few days are worth reflecting on.

Simply put, just because someone have a different opinion it does not make him your enemy!

It is really sad to see there is still people that thinks censorship is acceptable.

Luckily not everyone does, kudos for that!

Posted in General | 1 Comment

Glade User Survey goes live!

Hello everyone! in the past few weeks I been working on a survey for Glade. The idea is that it will help us to better know our user base and thus allow us to take inform decisions to improve Glade users experience.
So please take a few minutes to complete it!

thanks

Juan Pablo

Posted in General, Glade | 1 Comment

Porting widgets to the new template API… the LAZY way!

First of all I want to thanks everyone involved in GUADEC organization specially to the GNOME foundation for sponsoring me once again.

It is been great meeting with old friends and making new ones!

So after Tristan’s talk UI developer experience with Glade/GtkBuilder where he talked about the new template API some good friend of us, lets see if you can guess who, came and ask:

friend: How do I port my widgets to the new templates stuff?
friend: I do not want to redo all of them in glade
me: What kind of widgets?
friend: “A grid with some s#it in it!”
me: hmmm…
 

So we talked about it and told him if that he was that lazy not to redo all widgets in glade manually he could do some function that iterate over containers and spit some xml to get at least the hierarchy right.

As we all know the lazier a programmer is the better, since it will end up writing a program to do its chores!

Anyways I did!

I made a function you can paste in your program and use it together with libgladeui api to dump a runtime GtkWidget to an xml definition.

#include <gladeui/glade.h>

/* Create a Glade project */
GladeProject *project = glade_project_new ();

/* add as many widgets as you want in the project */
glade_project_add_widget_from_object (project, widget, NULL);

/* And then save it to a file */
glade_project_save (project, "myclass.ui", NULL);

And that is all you have to do if the widget is simple enough.
You will have to mark internal children manually since there is no easy way to introspect them, say for example you want to dump a GtkDialog derived widget…

#include <gladeui/glade.h>

/* Create a Glade project */
GladeProject *project = glade_project_new ();

/* We need to mark every internal children manually */
INTERNAL_CHILD (gtk_dialog_get_action_area (GTK_DIALOG (widget)),
                "action_area");
INTERNAL_CHILD (gtk_dialog_get_content_area (GTK_DIALOG (widget)),
                "vbox");

/* add as many widgets as you want in the project */
glade_project_add_widget_from_object (project, widget, NULL);

/* And then save it to a file */
glade_project_save (project, "myclass.ui", NULL);

Here is the cut&paste code glade_dump.c

This is obviously hacky code, it was not heavily tested and will probably make gladeui and gtk API complain a lot but it works pretty well for what is intended.

BTW you have to link with gladeui-2.0 library for this code to work!

I think that is all, happy porting!

Sponsored by GNOME Foundation

Posted in Glade, GTK+ | 1 Comment

High DPI bug workaround!

hidpi

Posted in Uncategorized | 1 Comment

Glade Drag & Drop support

New Drag & Drop support in 3.15 development series:Sponsored by GNOME Foundation

First of all I would like to thanks once again to the foundation for sponsoring my trip to Brussels to attend the Developer Experience Hackhest and Alberto for inviting me in the first place!

After the hackfest we all agreed that Glade needs some love to make it more newbie friendly, nothing we did not already knew, but please do not move along Glade needs your help!

On of the thing that new people find the most difficult to understand about creating GUI with Gtk+/Glade is the container packing paradigm which is very powerful once you get used to it but not as intuitive as one would like.

A way to improve this situation would be to create a new free form layout container similar to Java’s GroupLayout as suggested by Alex in this mail which of course is a lot of work specially in Glade so… help and/or sponsorship is welcome!!

But for now being able to drag & drop widgets around should make thinks easier, right?

The next thing we want to address is the property editor. Not only does not look good (In its defense the whole thing is autogenerated) but thanks to wide screen displays being ubiquitous nowadays it is wasting some precious vertical space :S

This is how it currently looks like

glade_property_editor_old

So… to save some vertical space and make it look more modern this are the changes I made

glade_property_editor_new

  • New ATK icon
  • Replaced toggle buttons with switches
  • Fields do not expand by default
  • Replaced text field edit button with an entry edit icon
  • Removed class field title
  • Moved clear and help buttons to the top of the notebook

The last item is definitely not definitive since it might make more sense to move it inside the scrolled window or simply to the toolbar.

As you can see there is lot of room for improvement so if you come up with a good idea help us!

Posted in Glade | 16 Comments

GtkBuilder and external objects

What if you want to reference an object you created from a GtkBuilder script? or even more add children to a container created outside the scope of GtkBuilder?

You can not!

But do not worry, a simple API like the following will allow us to reference any external object from builder.

void gtk_builder_expose_object (GtkBuilder *builder,
                                const gchar *name,
                                GObject *object);

Now consider a GtkBuilder script like this…

<interface>
  <object class="GtkButton" id="button">
    <property name="image" external-object="True">image</property>
    <signal name="clicked" handler="on_button_clicked"
     object="builder" external-object="yes"/>
  </object>
</interface>

All you have to do is tell builder which objects are external setting the “external-object” parameter then is as simple as calling gtk_builder_expose_object() to actually expose it.
Please note that the external-object parameter is needed to avoid naming space conflicts.

GtkWidget *image = gtk_image_new ();
GtkBuilder *builder = gtk_builder_new ();
gtk_builder_expose_object (builder, "image", G_OBJECT (image));
gtk_builder_expose_object (builder, "builder", G_OBJECT (builder));
gtk_builder_add_from_string (builder, buffer, -1, &error);

Ok but what about adding children to an existing container ?¿

The first idea was to use a fragment of builder xml format (basically the &ltchild&gt tag) and a new API gtk_builder_add_to_parent_*() but then I realize that would prevent us from setting properties on the external object and also it will not allow us to define anarchist objects that is objects outside the container hierarchy like for example a GtkAction.

So instead, I decided to add a new element: <template>

This new element is similar to <object> with the only difference it will be used as an entry point for the external object referenced by the template id.
Now with a template defined by this xml you can add children and set properties on an external object called “mybox”

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<interface>
  <!-- interface-requires gtk+ 3.0 -->
  <template class="GtkBox" id="mybox">
    <property name="visible">True</property>
    <property name="can_focus">False</property>
    <child>
      <object id="entry">
        <property name="visible">True</property>
        <property name="can_focus">True</property>
      </object>
      <packing>
        <property name="expand">False</property>
        <property name="fill">True</property>
        <property name="position">0</property>
      </packing>
    </child>
    <child>
      <object id="button">
        <property name="label">gtk-apply</property>
        <property name="visible">True</property>
        <property name="can_focus">True</property>
        <property name="receives_default">True</property>
        <property name="use_stock">True</property>
      </object>
      <packing>
        <property name="expand">False</property>
        <property name="fill">True</property>
        <property name="position">1</property>
      </packing>
    </child>
  </template>
</interface>

by simply using gtk_builder_add_from_string() in conjunction with gtk_builder_expose_object() like this:

builder = gtk_builder_new ();
mybox = gtk_box_new (GTK_ORIENTATION_HORIZONTAL, 0);
g_object_ref_sink (mybox);
gtk_builder_expose_object (builder, "mybox", G_OBJECT (mybox));
gtk_builder_add_from_string (builder, buffer, -1, &error);

Pretty simple is not it?

Patch available @ Bugzilla #688205 or if you prefer git this is the branch I been working on

git checkout -b composite-templates origin/composite-templates
Posted in GTK+ | Comments Off on GtkBuilder and external objects

Cosimo and Denny wants to see YOU in Boston!!

Sponsored by GNOME FoundationI am really pleased to say that GNOME foundation is sponsoring me again to travel to Boston for my first hackfest after a very personally successful GUADEC.

Not only GUADEC was a success for me professionally but most importantly on a personal level since I got the opportunity to meet the persons behind those IRC nicks and email addresses I knew for so long.

I hope to see you again in Boston!

Posted in General | Comments Off on Cosimo and Denny wants to see YOU in Boston!!

Embeding GtkBuilder UI definitions into GObject classes!

Wait, what?

Back in the day Glade used to generate code which was messy if was not handled properly, eventually everyone agreed it was better to use libglade instead and load the UI interface from a xml file, something that got consolidated with the advent of GtkBuilder in GTK+

So if it’s better for applications, shouldn’t be the same for classes?

I believe so, this is why I am continuing the work that Tristan started in composite-widget-templates GTK+ branch  in my own branch named composite-template.

The idea is pretty simple,  instead of hand coding composite children in _init(), like most widget classes do or in _constructor() where they should all we need to do is set a template in _class_init() as follow

gtk_container_class_set_template (container_class,
                                  "foobar.ui",
                                  GTK_CONTAINER_TEMPLATE_FILE);

and voilà! GtkContainer class will build your children from that template using GtkBuilder at construction time. If you need to expose an internal child then all you have to do is declare it as follow

gtk_container_class_set_template (container_class,
                                  "foobar.ui",
                                  GTK_CONTAINER_TEMPLATE_FILE);
gtk_container_class_declare_internal_child
    (container_class, TRUE,
     G_STRUCT_OFFSET (FooBarPrivate, vbox),
     "vbox");

And if you do not like the idea of depending on a file, like I do, for your widget class to work you can use a string or even better a GResource.

but Juan, what about performance?

Obviously there is some extra overhead in the parsing but is not going to be significant in a medium/big size project that already uses GtkBuilder for it’s main interface. That being said if we want to optimize things the easy way would be to use EXI (Efficient XML Interchange) format which is basically a XML binary format, it would save use some memory space and the need to actually parse the UI definition. The hard way  would be to rethink GtkBuilder internal data model and transform it into a binary format that can be saved persistently. Implementing either of these approaches at the GMarkup level would not only be helpful for composite classes but more importantly for applications with big UI files.

Really wait, Say that again!

Ok, I should probably had started with an example, lets say you have a login dialog like this

With the following C source: foo-login-dialog.h foo-login-dialog.c

This code show the differences implementing a composite object the regular way and using templates. Note that USE_TEMPLATE macro is used to choose either implementation at compile time.

#include "foo-login-dialog.h"
 
struct _FooLoginDialogPrivate
{
  GtkWidget *username_entry;
  GtkWidget *password_entry;
};
 
enum
{
  LOGIN,
 
  LAST_SIGNAL
};
 
static guint login_dialog_signals[LAST_SIGNAL] = { 0 };
 
G_DEFINE_TYPE (FooLoginDialog, foo_login_dialog, GTK_TYPE_DIALOG);
 
void
on_dialog_response (FooLoginDialog *dialog, gint response_id)
{
  FooLoginDialogPrivate *priv = dialog->priv;
  const gchar *username, *password;
 
  if (response_id != GTK_RESPONSE_OK) return;
 
  username = gtk_entry_get_text (GTK_ENTRY (priv->username_entry));
  password = gtk_entry_get_text (GTK_ENTRY (priv->password_entry));
 
  g_signal_emit (dialog, login_dialog_signals[LOGIN], 0,
                 username, password);
}
 
static void
foo_login_dialog_init (FooLoginDialog *dialog)
{
  FooLoginDialogPrivate *priv;
 
  priv = G_TYPE_INSTANCE_GET_PRIVATE (dialog,
                                      FOO_TYPE_LOGIN_DIALOG,
                                      FooLoginDialogPrivate);
  dialog->priv = priv;
 
#ifndef USE_TEMPLATE
  GtkWidget *content_area;
  GtkWidget *action_area;
  GtkWidget *grid;
  GtkWidget *label;
  GtkWidget *button;
 
  content_area = gtk_dialog_get_content_area (GTK_DIALOG (dialog));
  action_area = gtk_dialog_get_action_area (GTK_DIALOG (dialog));
 
  grid = gtk_grid_new ();
  g_object_set (grid, "margin", 6, NULL);
  gtk_grid_set_column_spacing (GTK_GRID (grid), 6);
  gtk_grid_set_row_spacing (GTK_GRID (grid), 4);
  gtk_box_pack_start (GTK_BOX (content_area), grid, TRUE, TRUE, 0);
 
  label = gtk_label_new ("User name:");
  gtk_widget_set_halign (label, GTK_ALIGN_END);
  gtk_grid_attach (GTK_GRID (grid), label, 0, 0, 1, 1);
  priv->username_entry = gtk_entry_new ();
  gtk_widget_set_hexpand (priv->username_entry, TRUE);
  gtk_grid_attach (GTK_GRID (grid), priv->username_entry,
                   1, 0, 1, 1);
 
  label = gtk_label_new ("Password:");
  gtk_widget_set_halign (label, GTK_ALIGN_END);
  gtk_grid_attach (GTK_GRID (grid), label, 0, 1, 1, 1);
  priv->password_entry = gtk_entry_new ();
  gtk_widget_set_hexpand (priv->password_entry, TRUE);
  gtk_entry_set_visibility (GTK_ENTRY (priv->password_entry),
                            FALSE);
  gtk_entry_set_activates_default (GTK_ENTRY (priv->password_entry),
                                   TRUE);
  gtk_grid_attach (GTK_GRID (grid), priv->password_entry,
                   1, 1, 1, 1);
 
  button = gtk_button_new_from_stock ("gtk-cancel");
  gtk_dialog_add_action_widget (GTK_DIALOG (dialog), button,
                                GTK_RESPONSE_CANCEL);
 
  button = gtk_button_new_from_stock ("gtk-ok");
  gtk_widget_set_can_default (button, TRUE);
  gtk_dialog_add_action_widget (GTK_DIALOG (dialog), button,
                                GTK_RESPONSE_OK);
  gtk_widget_grab_default (button);
 
  g_signal_connect_swapped (priv->username_entry, "activate",
                            G_CALLBACK (gtk_widget_grab_focus),
                            priv->password_entry);
 
  gtk_window_set_resizable (GTK_WINDOW (dialog), FALSE);
  g_signal_connect (dialog, "response",
                    G_CALLBACK (on_dialog_response),
                    NULL);
#endif
}
 
static void
foo_login_dialog_finalize (GObject *object)
{
  G_OBJECT_CLASS (foo_login_dialog_parent_class)->finalize (object);
}
 
static void
foo_login_dialog_login (FooLoginDialog *self,
                        const gchar *username,
                        const gchar *password)
{
  g_message ("%s user: [%s] password: [%s]",
             __func__, username, password);
}
 
static void
foo_login_dialog_class_init (FooLoginDialogClass *klass)
{
  GObjectClass *object_class = G_OBJECT_CLASS (klass);
  GtkDialogClass *parent_class = GTK_DIALOG_CLASS (klass);
 
  g_type_class_add_private (klass, sizeof (FooLoginDialogPrivate));
 
  object_class->finalize = foo_login_dialog_finalize;
 
  klass->login = foo_login_dialog_login;
 
  login_dialog_signals[LOGIN] =
    g_signal_new ("login",
                  G_OBJECT_CLASS_TYPE (klass),
                  G_SIGNAL_RUN_LAST,
                  G_STRUCT_OFFSET (FooLoginDialogClass, login),
                  NULL, NULL,
                  NULL,
                  G_TYPE_NONE, 2,
                  G_TYPE_STRING, G_TYPE_STRING);
 
#ifdef USE_TEMPLATE
  gtk_container_class_set_template (GTK_CONTAINER_CLASS (klass),
                                    "foologindialog.ui",
                                    GTK_CONTAINER_TEMPLATE_FILE);
  gtk_container_class_declare_internal_child
    (GTK_CONTAINER_CLASS (klass), TRUE,
     G_STRUCT_OFFSET (FooLoginDialogPrivate, username_entry),
     "username_entry");
  gtk_container_class_declare_internal_child
    (GTK_CONTAINER_CLASS (klass), TRUE,
     G_STRUCT_OFFSET (FooLoginDialogPrivate, password_entry),
     "password_entry");
#endif  
}
 
GtkDialog *
foo_login_dialog_new ()
{
  return g_object_new (FOO_TYPE_LOGIN_DIALOG, NULL);
}

main.c: a simple program using such class, this is included in foo-login-dialog.c for convenience

#include <gtk/gtk.h>
#include "foo-login-dialog.h"
 
int main (int argc, char **argv)
{
  GtkDialog *dialog;
 
  gtk_init (&argc, &argv);
 
  dialog = foo_login_dialog_new ();
  gtk_widget_show_all (GTK_WIDGET (dialog));
 
  gtk_dialog_run (dialog);
}

You can compile it with a line like this

gcc -export-dynamic -o foo-login-dialog main.c foo-login-dialog.c \
 `pkg-config --libs --cflags gtk+-3.0` -DUSE_TEMPLATE

GtkBuilder template “foologindialog.ui”

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<interface>
  <!-- interface-requires gtk+ 3.0 -->
  <template class="FooLoginDialog" parent="GtkDialog" id="this">
    <property name="can_focus">False</property>
    <property name="border_width">5</property>
    <property name="type_hint">dialog</property>
    <signal name="response" handler="on_dialog_response" swapped="no"/>
    <child internal-child="vbox">
      <object id="dialog-vbox1">
        <property name="can_focus">False</property>
        <property name="orientation">vertical</property>
        <property name="spacing">2</property>
        <child internal-child="action_area">
          <object id="dialog-action_area1">
            <property name="can_focus">False</property>
            <property name="layout_style">end</property>
            <child>
              <object id="button1">
                <property name="label">gtk-cancel</property>
                <property name="use_action_appearance">False</property>
                <property name="visible">True</property>
                <property name="can_focus">True</property>
                <property name="receives_default">True</property>
                <property name="use_action_appearance">False</property>
                <property name="use_stock">True</property>
              </object>
              <packing>
                <property name="expand">False</property>
                <property name="fill">True</property>
                <property name="position">0</property>
              </packing>
            </child>
            <child>
              <object id="button2">
                <property name="label">gtk-ok</property>
                <property name="use_action_appearance">False</property>
                <property name="visible">True</property>
                <property name="can_focus">True</property>
                <property name="can_default">True</property>
                <property name="has_default">True</property>
                <property name="receives_default">True</property>
                <property name="use_action_appearance">False</property>
                <property name="use_stock">True</property>
              </object>
              <packing>
                <property name="expand">False</property>
                <property name="fill">True</property>
                <property name="position">1</property>
              </packing>
            </child>
          </object>
          <packing>
            <property name="expand">False</property>
            <property name="fill">True</property>
            <property name="pack_type">end</property>
            <property name="position">0</property>
          </packing>
        </child>
        <child>
          <object id="grid1">
            <property name="visible">True</property>
            <property name="can_focus">False</property>
            <property name="row_spacing">4</property>
            <property name="column_spacing">6</property>
            <child>
              <object id="label1">
                <property name="visible">True</property>
                <property name="can_focus">False</property>
                <property name="halign">end</property>
                <property name="label" translatable="yes">User name:</property>
              </object>
              <packing>
                <property name="left_attach">0</property>
                <property name="top_attach">0</property>
                <property name="width">1</property>
                <property name="height">1</property>
              </packing>
            </child>
            <child>
              <object id="label2">
                <property name="visible">True</property>
                <property name="can_focus">False</property>
                <property name="halign">end</property>
                <property name="label" translatable="yes">Password:</property>
              </object>
              <packing>
                <property name="left_attach">0</property>
                <property name="top_attach">1</property>
                <property name="width">1</property>
                <property name="height">1</property>
              </packing>
            </child>
            <child>
              <object id="username_entry">
                <property name="visible">True</property>
                <property name="can_focus">True</property>
                <property name="hexpand">True</property>
                <property name="invisible_char"></property>
                <signal name="activate" handler="gtk_widget_grab_focus" object="password_entry" swapped="yes"/>
              </object>
              <packing>
                <property name="left_attach">1</property>
                <property name="top_attach">0</property>
                <property name="width">1</property>
                <property name="height">1</property>
              </packing>
            </child>
            <child>
              <object id="password_entry">
                <property name="visible">True</property>
                <property name="can_focus">True</property>
                <property name="hexpand">True</property>
                <property name="visibility">False</property>
                <property name="invisible_char"></property>
                <property name="activates_default">True</property>
              </object>
              <packing>
                <property name="left_attach">1</property>
                <property name="top_attach">1</property>
                <property name="width">1</property>
                <property name="height">1</property>
              </packing>
            </child>
          </object>
          <packing>
            <property name="expand">False</property>
            <property name="fill">True</property>
            <property name="position">1</property>
          </packing>
        </child>
      </object>
    </child>
    <action-widgets>
      <action-widget response="-6">button1</action-widget>
      <action-widget response="-5">button2</action-widget>
    </action-widgets>
  </template>
</interface>
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<interface>

Since this example sets the template from a relative path the file foologindialog.ui has to be in the current working directory when you run the program.
And last but not least you need composite-templates Gtk+ branch for this to work

$ git clone git://git.gnome.org/gtk+
$ cd gtk+
$ git checkout -b composite-templates origin/composite-templates
Posted in GTK+, Programming | 4 Comments

Cross compiling Glade for win32

It was a long time since I did not give cross compiling a try and it turns out to be easier than expected if you use precompiled binaries from windows:mingw[1] project on the OpenSUSE Build Service. (OBS)

First of all we need to install the cross compiler, in Debian and Debian based distros do

$ sudo apt-get install mingw-w64

Then we need to download a python script [2] that makes downloading mingw packages from OBS easy.

wget https://github.com/mkbosmans/download-mingw-rpm/raw/master/download-mingw-rpm.py

Now we can download the dependencies (hicolor-icon-theme is only needed at runtime)

python3 download-mingw-rpm.py --deps gtk3-devel libxml2-devel \
        hicolor-icon-theme

This will unpack everything under usr/i686-w64-mingw32/sys-root/mingw

Next we need to setup some variables for the cross compilation

export CC=i686-w64-mingw32-gcc
export MINGW_ROOT=`readlink -f usr/i686-w64-mingw32/sys-root/mingw`
export PKG_CONFIG_LIBDIR=$MINGW_ROOT/lib/pkgconfig
export PKG_CONFIG_PATH=$MINGW_ROOT/share/pkgconfig
export PKG_CONFIG="pkg-config --define-variable=prefix=$MINGW_ROOT"

CC: the cross compiler
MINGW_ROOT: is an absolute path we are going to use as a prefix for our build
PKG_CONFIG_LIBDIR: this way we tell pkg-config to use mingw libs
PKG_CONFIG_PATH: just to make sure we are not pointing some where else
PKG_CONFIG: ask pkg-config to replace .pc files prefix variable with the real path

And this is pretty much it, now we can proceed to run autogen.sh with –host and –target flags and glade should compile

git clone git://git.gnome.org/glade
cd glade
./autogen.sh --prefix=$MINGW_ROOT --host i686-w64-mingw32 \
--target i686-w64-mingw32 --enable-shared=yes --enable-static=no
make
make install

Before you can run it you need to update glib schemas bin file

glib-compile-schemas $MINGW_ROOT/share/glib-2.0/schemas

BTW there is a scrip file that automates this process and creates a windows installer using nsis
in glade sources under build/mingw-w64 directory.

1) https://build.opensuse.org/project/show?project=windows%3Amingw%3Awin32
2) https://github.com/mkbosmans/download-mingw-rpm

Posted in Glade, Programming | 3 Comments